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Hornbeam, American (Musclewood)

Hornbeam, American (Musclewood)

Carpinus caroliniana

1-2 ft at sale

Native to VT

Sourced from MI


    This smaller tree, usually found in the understory or forest-edge, fascinated me as a child because its smooth bark is rippled like toned muscles. Along with serviceberry, it makes a beautiful addition to the edge of a forest or stream, or it can accent the shadier side of a building. The wood is extremely hard. It is closely related to birches. Birds enjoy eating the catkins (type of seed), but perhaps most exciting is that swallowtail butterflies, luna moths, and many others use musclewood as a host.

  • General Information

    Recommended Spacing (ft)


    Mature Width (ft)


    Mature Height (ft)


    Annual Growth Rate (in)

    12 - 18

    Sun Preference

    Full Sun-Part Shade

    Soil Type

    Loam, Sandy, Clay

    Soil Moisture

    Medium Moisture

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